Thursday, August 13, 2009

Erickson's 8 stages of Psychosocial Development

Main premise: a series of conflicts must be resolved throughout our development so we can attain a healthy personality.
  1. Infant (birth to 18mos) Trust vs. Mistrust: learns to trust self, environment
  2. Toddler (18mos to 3yrs) Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt: learns to believe in him/herself
  3. Preschool (3 to 5) Initiative vs. Guilt: learns to take initiative in play rather than mimicking
  4. Latency State (6 to 12) Industry/Competence vs. Inferiority: learns that he/she is capable and able to accomplish
  5. Adolescence (12 to 18) Identity vs. Role Confusion: searches for individuality from environment
  6. Young Adult (19 to 40) Intimacy vs. Isolation: searches for meaningful relationships
  7. Middle Adult (40 to 65) Generativity/Productivity vs. Self Absorption or Stagnation: search for meaning through intergenerational communication
  8. Late Adulthood (65 to death) Ego Integrity vs. Despair: looking back with either feelings of accomplishment or despair

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